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Abbreviations Starting with Letter B


B&W: Black and White (B&W): A photograph, photocopy, or motion picture, produced in black, white, and intermediate shades of gray, without the use of colour.

BALID: Bangladesh Association of Librarians, Information Scientists and Documentalists (BALID) is a non-political and professional association of librarians and Information scientist of Bangladesh established on January 23, 1986 as "Bangladesh Young Librarians, Information Scientists and Documentalists” (BAYLID).

BARC: Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) is India's premier nuclear research facility based in Trombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra and is established on January 3, 1954. 2010-J-P-II-Q-44

BASIC: Beginner's All-purpose Symbolic Instruction Code (BASIC) is a family of general-purpose, high-level programming languages whose design philosophy emphasizes ease of use. In 1964, John G. Kemeny and Thomas E. Kurtz designed the original BASIC language at Dartmouth College in New Hampshire.

BBC: British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) is the public service broadcaster of the United Kingdom, headquartered at Broadcasting House in London, UK. It is the world's oldest national broadcasting organisation founded on 18 October 1922 and the largest broadcaster in the world by number of employees.

BBS:  Bulletin Board System (BBS) is online messaging system and discussion forum that allows users to post notices and comments without graphics to members of an interest group connected to the same network by dialling into the system over a phone line or telnet connection. Bulletin Board Systems have been largely superseded in the World by the Social Network, Blog, etc but are still used in parts of the world that lack direct access to the Internet.

BCC: Blind Carbon Copy (BCC) is the provision of most of the E-mail programs to send the email to multiple recipients at the same time without displaying the list of recipients to each person on the list.

BCI: Bar Council of India (BCI) is a statutory body established under the section 4 of advocates Act 1961 that regulates the legal practice and legal education in India. The Bar Council of India was established by Parliament under the Advocates Act, 1961.

BD: Blu-ray Disc (BD or BRD) is  type of high-definition optical disc introduced by Sony in 2006 for storing high-definition video resolution (1080p) that contain 25 GB per layer and with dual layer discs it store 50 GB of data. BD is 120 mm in diameter and 1.2 mm thick, the same size as DVDs and CDs but it supersedes both.

BI: Bibliographic Instruction (BI) or Library Instruction as it is sometimes called is one way for students, staff, and faculty to learn how to locate the information they need quickly and effectively in the library. It covers the library's system of organizing materials and specific resources and finding tools (catalogues, indexes and abstracting services, bibliographic databases, etc.) to use the full potential of the library and its resources.

BIBCO: The monographic BIBliographic record COmponent of the Program for Cooperative (BIBCO) is the program of Library of Congress through which the participants that are already Name Authority Cooperative Program (NACO) members contribute bibliographic records to the national databases.

BIOS: Basic Input / Output System (BIOS) is the program used by the personal computer's microprocessor to get the computer system started after the machine is turn on. It also manages data flow between the computer's operating system and attached devices such as the hard disk, video adapter, keyboard, mouse and printer.

BIP: Books in Print (BIP) lists nearly all books that are currently available in English and in the United States from major publishers by Bowker.

BIS: Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS) is the national Standards Body of India working under the aegis of Ministry of Consumer Affairs, Food & Public Distribution, and Government of India. It is established by the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 which came into effect on 23 December 1986. Its headquarters are in New Delhi, with regional offices in Kolkata, Chennai, Mumbai, Chandigarh and Delhi and 20 branch offices. 2012-J-P-III-Q-31

BL: British Library (BL) is the national library of the United Kingdom and the largest library in the world by number of items catalogued. The British Library was created on 1 July 1973 as a result of the British Library Act 1972.

BLAISE: British Library’s Automated Information SErvice (BLAISE) is an online information retrieval service that includes access via a new graphical interface on the World Wide Web introduced in April 1977. 2008-J-P-II-Q-29

BLDSS: British Library Document Supply Service (BLDSS) previously known as British Library Lending Division (BLLD) which was originated in 1973 and renamed to the present form in 1985 is a service through which one can search items available for Remote Supply at a very nominal cost from the British Library, UK. 2006-J-P-II-Q-37, 2010-D-P-II-Q-43

BLLD: British Library Lending Division (BLLD) was established in 1973 with the merger of the British Library and the National Lending Library for Science and Technology (NLL) which were established in 1961. 2014-D-P-II-Q-41

BNB: British National Bibliography (BNB) published the list of the books, journals and serials that are published in the United Kingdom and Republic of Ireland since its inception in 1950 in the British Museum. The responsibility of BNB vested on the British Library since the library's inception in 1973.

BnF: Bibliothèque nationale de France (BNF) is the National Library of France, located in Paris. The National Library of France traces its origin to the royal library founded at the Louvre Palace by Charles V in 1368.

BONET: Bombay Library Network (BONET) was established in Mumbai in 1992.

BPL: Boston Public Library (BPL) is a municipal public library system in Boston, Massachusetts, United States, founded in 1848.

BSI: British Standards Institution (BSI) is the national standards body of the United Kingdom founded in 1901 with the headquarters in London, United Kingdom. BSI produces technical standards on a wide range of products and services, and also supplies certification and standards-related services to businesses. 2012-J-P-III-Q-31

BSLA: Building Strong Library Associations (BSLA) is a comprehensive programme of International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) offering a strategic and coordinated approach to capacity building and sustainability of library associations. The programme was launched in the year 2010. 2013-D-P-III-Q-16

BT: Broader Term (BT) is a super-class subject heading or descriptor which is included under a narrower term or sub-class in a hierarchical classification system.

BTI: British Technology Index (BTI) is developed by E. J. Coates based on "Thing-Process". It distinguishes between properties, actions, materials and parts of a thing or entity. E. J. Coates apply his idea of subject indexing- Things, Property, Material, Action on British Technology Index (now Current Technology Index) of which he had been the editor from its inception in 1963 until his retirement in 1976.

Badan BarmanBadan Barman at present working as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Library and Information Science, Gauhati University, Guwahati-781014, Assam, India. He is the creator of the LIS Links (http://www.lislinks.com) - India’s most popular social networking website for Library and Information Science professionals. He also created the UGC NET Guide (http://www.netugc.com) and LIS Study (http://www.lisstudy.com) website.

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