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Abbreviations Starting with Letter E

E-mail: Electronic mail (E-mail) is an internet protocol that allows computer users to exchange messages and data files with other users, locally and across networks.

EAD: Encoded Archival Description (EAD) is a non-proprietary de facto standard for the encoding of finding aids for use in a networked (online) environment.

ENIAC: Electronic Numerical Integrator and Calculator (ENIAC) was the first electronic general-purpose computer. ENIAC was designed by John Mauchly and J. Presper Eckert of the University of Pennsylvania, U.S.

ENVIS: Environment Information System (ENVIS) provide scientific, technical and semi-technical information on various environmental issues since its inception in 1982-83 (Sixth Plan) of the Government of India. ENVIS is under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.

EPROM: Erasable Programmable Read-only Memory (EPROM) is programmable read-only memory (programmable ROM) that can be erased and re-used. Erasure is caused by shining an intense ultraviolet light through a window that is designed into the memory chip.

E-PUB:  Electronic Publication (E-PUB) is a free and open standard e-book file format developed and adopted by the International Digital Publishing Forum (IDPF) in September 2007 to supersede the Open eBook Standard which can be downloaded and read on devices like Smartphone, tablets, computers, or e-readers. The file of Electronic Publication (E-PUB) is having and extension of ".epub".

ERIC: Educational Resource Information Center (ERIC) is a national information service consisting of a group of federally funded clearinghouses sponsored by the Institute of Education Sciences (IES) of the U.S. Department of Education and administered by the National Library of Education (NLE) that indexes and abstracts journal articles and research papers in education and related fields and published in print and online format. ERIC coined at OE commission to stand for “Educational Research Information Center,” in 1961. 2005-J-P-II-Q-26, 2008-D-P-II-Q-40, 2009-J-P-II-Q-33, 2013-J-P-II-Q-7

ERNET: Education and Research Network (ERNET), India is an autonomous scientific society of Ministry of Communications and Information Technology (Govt. of India) initiated in 1986 by the Department of Electronics (DoE) in Delhi, with funding support from the Government of India and United Nations Development Program (UNDP). 2004-D-P-II-Q-48, 2006-D-P-II-Q-40, 2007-D-P-II-Q-37, 2014-J-P-III-Q-40

et al.: et al. is an abbreviation of the Latin phrase et alii, meaning "and other people," used in bibliographic citations after the first of more than three collaborators, instead of listing all the names.

etc.: etc is an abbreviation of the Latin phrase et cetera, meaning "and the rest" or "and so forth," used to shorten a list.

ETD: Electronic Theses and Dissertations (ETD): The practice of submitting and managing the Master's dissertation and Ph.D. thesis in digital form rather than in print on paper or opposed to those submitted in hard copy and subsequently converted to machine-readable format, usually by scanning.

EULA: End-User License Agreement (EULA) is the contract between the licensor and purchaser of proprietary software establishing the purchaser's right to use the software. 2014-J-P-III-Q-17

Badan BarmanDr. Badan Barman at present working as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Library and Information Science, Gauhati University, Guwahati-781014, Assam, India. He is the creator of the LIS Links ( - India’s most popular social networking website for Library and Information Science professionals. He also created the Open Access Journals Search Engine (OAJSE) (, UGC NET Guide (, Assam Archive ( and LIS Study ( website.

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