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Abbreviations Starting with Letter F

FAIFE: Freedom of Access to Information and Freedom of Expression (FAIFE) is an initiative within International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) to defend and promote the basic human rights defined in Article 19 of the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 2015-J-P-III-Q-9

FAQ:  Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) is a print or web document that provides answers to a list of typical questions that user might ask regarding a particular subject.

FDLP: Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP) is a government program created to make U.S. federal government publications available to the public at no cost.

FID: Institut International de Bibliographie (IIB) or International Institute of Bibliography (IIB) was founded on 12 September 1895 in Brussels, Belgium, by bibliographers Henri LaFontaine (1854-1943) and Paul Otlet (1868-1944). The Institut International de Bibliographic (IIB) in 1931 became the Institut International de Documentation (IID); in 1937 it changed to the Federation Internationale de Documentation (FID), and in 1988 changed again to the International Federation for Information and Documentation (FID) and in the year 2002 it was dissolved. 2009-J-P-II-Q-3, 2010-J-P-II-Q-6

FOAF: Friend of a Friend (FOAF) is a machine-readable ontology describing persons, their activities and their relations to other people and objects.

FOSS: Free and Open-Source Software (FOSS) is computer software that can be classified as both free software and open-source software. FOSS software are freely licensed to use, copy, study, and change the software in any way, and the source code is openly shared so that people are encouraged to voluntarily improve the design of the software.

FRAD: Functional Requirements for Authority Data (FRAD), formerly known as Functional Requirements for Authority Records (FRAR) is an extension of Functional Requirements of Bibliographic Records (FRBR) and deals with conceptual entity-relationship model developed by the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) for relating the data that are recorded in library authority records to the needs of the users of those records and facilitate and sharing of that data. The draft of FRAD was presented in 2004 at the 70th IFLA General Conference and Council in Buenos Aires by Glenn Patton and the FRAD Final Report was first published in print by K.G. Saur in 2009.

FRAR: Functional Requirements for Authority Records (FRAR) presently known as Functional Requirements for Authority Data (FRAD). FRAR is a conceptual model aimed at providing a framework for the functional requirements and the data supporting authority control. FRAR is the early draft of the Working Group on Functional Requirements and Numbering of Authority Records (FRANAR) established in 1999 by IFLA Division of Bibliographic Control and the IFLA Universal Bibliographic Control and International MARC Programme (UBCIM).

FRBR: Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records (FRBR) is a conceptual entity–relationship model developed by the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) that relates user tasks of retrieval and access in online library catalogues and bibliographic databases from a user’s perspective. The principles espoused in the 1998 report of the IFLA Study Group on Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records. 2010-J-P-II-Q-31, 2011-D-P-II-Q-35, 2012-D-P-II-Q-10, 2013-S-P-II-Q-28, 2013-D-P-III-Q-57, 2014-D-P-II-Q-33

FSF: Free Software Foundation (FSF) is a non-profit organization founded by Richard Stallman on 4 October 1985 to support the free software movement with the organization's preference for software being distributed under copyleft terms, such as with its own GNU General Public License. The FSF was incorporated in Massachusetts, USA, where it is also based.

FTP:  File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a standard network protocol to transfer files from one computer to another computer over a computer network. 2006-D-P-II-Q-44, 2010-D-P-II-Q-6, 2012-J-P-III-Q-15, 2012-D-P-II-Q-16

Badan BarmanDr. Badan Barman at present working as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Library and Information Science, Gauhati University, Guwahati-781014, Assam, India. He is the creator of the LIS Links ( - India’s most popular social networking website for Library and Information Science professionals. He also created the Open Access Journals Search Engine (OAJSE) (, UGC NET Guide (, Assam Archive ( and LIS Study ( website.

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