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Abbreviations Starting with Letter G

G2C: Government to Citizen (G2C) is a term that refers to the relationships between organizations (subjects) of public administration and a citizen(s).

GB: Gigabyte (GB) is a unit of computer storage and it means 109 in the International System of Units (SI) representing 1000000000 bytes.

GIF: Graphics Interchange Format (GIF) is a bitmap image file format commonly used for images on the web and sprites in software programs introduced by CompuServe in 1987. Unlike the JPEG image format, GIFs uses lossless compression that does not degrade the quality of the image.

GIS: Geographical Information System (GIS) is a computer based system consisting of hardware and software designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage and present all types of spatial or geographic data providing an automated link between the data and its location in space, usually in relation to a system of coordinates (latitude, longitude, elevation or depth, etc.).

GML: Geography Markup Language (GML) is the XML grammar defined by the Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) initially released in 2000 to express geographical features. GML serves as a modelling language for geographic systems as well as an open interchange format for geographic transactions on the Internet. 2014-J-P-III-Q-44

GNU: GNU's Not Unix (GNU) is an operating system and an extensive collection of computer software. GNU is composed wholly of free software, most of which is licensed under GNU General Public License (GNU GPL or GPL).

GOC: Good Offices Committee (GOC) is a voluntary organization formed to establish uniform terms of book and periodical supplies to libraries.

GPRS: General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) is a packet oriented mobile data service on the 2G and 3G cellular communication system's global system for mobile communications (GSM).

GPS: Global Positioning System (GPS) is a worldwide space-based navigational system that provides location and time information in all weather conditions, anywhere on or near the Earth where there is an unobstructed line of sight to four or more GPS satellites in orbit around the earth.

GSDL: Greenstone Digital Library (GSDL) is an open source multilingual suite of software released under GNU General Public License for building and distributing digital library collections on the web or on removable media such as DVD and USB flash drives. It was developed and produced by the New Zealand Digital Library Project at the University of Waikato in 1997, and distributed in cooperation with United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) and the Human Info NGO.

GUI: Graphical User Interface (GUI) is a computer program interface that allows the user to provide input and receive output interactively by manipulating menu bars, icons, and movable, resizable windows by means of a keyboard or pointing device such as a mouse instead of using command.

Badan BarmanDr. Badan Barman at present working as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Library and Information Science, Gauhati University, Guwahati-781014, Assam, India. He is the creator of the LIS Links ( - India’s most popular social networking website for Library and Information Science professionals. He also created the Open Access Journals Search Engine (OAJSE) (, UGC NET Guide (, Assam Archive ( and LIS Study ( website.

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