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Abbreviations Starting with Letter I


i.e.: An abbreviation of the Latin phrase id est (i.e.), meaning "that is" or on the context.

I/O: Input/Output (I/O) is the communication between an information processing system, such as a computer, and the outside world, possibly a human or another information processing system.

i10 Index: i10-Index is created by Google Scholar in the year 2011 and used in Google's My Citations feature. i10-Index means the number of publications with at least 10 citations.

IAB: The Internet Architecture Board (IAB) is the committee charged with oversight of the technical and engineering development of the Internet by the Internet Society (ISOC). Internet Configuration Control Board (ICCB) is formed by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency of the United States Department of Defense's during 1979; it eventually became the Internet Advisory Board during September, 1984, and then the Internet Activities Board during May, 1986 (the name was changed, while keeping the same acronym). It finally became the Internet Architecture Board (IAB), under Internet Society (ISOC), during January, 1992, as part of the Internet's transition from a U.S.-government entity to an international, public entity. 2013-S-P-II-Q-36

IALL: International Association of Law Libraries (IALL) is a worldwide, cooperative non-profit organization of librarians, libraries, and other persons and institutions concerned with the acquisition, dissemination and use of legal information from sources other than their own jurisdictions which was founded in 1959. It is located in the University of Michigan Law Library, Ann Arbor, United States.

IAMSLIC: The International Association of Aquatic and Marine Science Libraries and Information Centers (IAMSLIC) is an international association of individuals and organizations interested in library and information science, especially as these are applied to the recording, retrieval and dissemination of knowledge and information in all aspects of aquatic and marine sciences and their allied disciplines. The International Association of Aquatic and Marine Science Libraries and Information Centers (IAMSLIC) began in 1975 under the name East Coast Marine Science Librarians (ECMSL). It is located at U.S. NOAA Seattle Library, Seattle, U.S.A.

IANA: Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is a department of Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), a non-profit private American corporation that oversees global Internet Protocol Address (IP address) allocation, autonomous system number allocation, root zone management in the Domain Name System (DNS), media types, and other Internet Protocol-related symbols and numbers. IANA was founded in 1988 by the U.S. Government with its office in Playa Vista, California, U.S.

IASLIC: Indian Association of Special Libraries and Information Centres (IASLIC) is a non-profit organisation that supports development in the entire field of special librarianship in India. IASLIC was founded by J. Saha, A. K. Mukherjee, G. B. Ghosh, on 3 September 1955 with its headquarters in Kolkata. 2004-D-P-II-Q-33, 2008-J-P-II-Q-33, 2007-J-P-II-Q-34, 2009-J-P-II-Q-37, 2010-J-P-II-Q-35, 2010-D-P-II-Q-4, 2012-J-P-II-Q-29, 2012-D-P-III-Q-62

IATLIS: Indian Association of Teachers of Library and Information Science (IATLIS) is a national association of teachers in Library and Information Science in India established on 19th December 1969 with its headquarters in Punjab, India. 2007-J-P-II-Q-34, 2008-D-P-II-Q-5, 2011-J-P-II-Q-33

ibid.: ibidem (ibid.) is a Latin abbreviation meaning "in the same place," used with a page number (or numbers) in footnotes, endnotes, and bibliographies to indicate a source that has been already cited fully in a previous note or entry and there is no intervenes between the previous reference and the present one. In simple, ibid. is used in case of same source but different page number and in between them there are no other references. 2005-J-P-II-Q-23, 2010-D-P-II-Q-13, 2011-D-P-II-Q-42, 2012-J-P-III-Q-61

ICANN: Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) is a non-profit organization that is responsible for coordinating the maintenance and procedures of several databases related to the namespaces of the Internet - thereby ensuring the network's stable and secure operation. ICANN was founded on September 18, 1998 with its office in Playa Vista, Los Angeles, California, United States. 2013-D-P-II-Q-7

ICCB: Internet Configuration Control Board (ICCB) is formed by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency of the United States Department of Defense's during 1979; it eventually became the Internet Advisory Board during September, 1984, and then the Internet Activities Board during May, 1986 (the name was changed, while keeping the same acronym). It finally became the Internet Architecture Board (IAB), under Internet Society (ISOC), during January, 1992, as part of the Internet's transition from a U.S. government entity to an international, public entity. 2013-S-P-II-Q-36

ICCP: Inter-Control Center Communications Protocol (ICCP) or IEC 60870-6/TASE.2 is being specified by utility organizations throughout the world to provide data exchange over Wide Area Networks (WANs) between utility control centers, utilities, power pools, regional control centers, and Non-Utility Generators from the year 1991. 2008-D-P-II-Q-33

ICDL: International Conference on Digital Libraries (ICDL) is a bi-annual convention organized by the Energy and Resources Institute (TERI) New Delhi.

ICI: Indian Citation Index (ICI) is an online bibliographic database containing abstracts and citations/references from academic journals. It is designed and maintained by The Knowledge Foundation with support by Diva Enterprises Pvt. Ltd. and launched in October 2009 in New Delhi. 2014-D-P-III-Q-6

ICOLC: The International Coalition of Library Consortia (ICOLC) which was formed in 1997 is an informal, self-organized group of library consortia from around the world for strategic and practical discussion of issues of common interest.

ICSSR: Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR) was established in the year of 1969 by the Government of India to promote research in social sciences in the country.

ICSU: International Council for Science (ICSU) previously known as International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU) is an international organization devoted to international cooperation in the advancement of science formed in 1931.

ICT: Information and Communications Technology (ICT) is an extended term for Information Technology (IT) which stresses the role of unified communications and the integration of telecommunications (telephone lines and wireless signals), computers as well as necessary enterprise software, middleware, storage, and audio-visual systems, which enable users to access, store, transmit, and manipulate information.

id.: idem (id.) is a Latin abbreviation meaning "in the same place," used with a page number (or numbers) in footnotes, endnotes, and bibliographies to indicate a source that has been already cited fully in a previous note or entry and there is no intervenes between the previous reference and the present one especially in legal citation. id. is used in case of same source but different page number or section.

IEEE: Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a professional association with its corporate office in New York City and its operations center in Piscataway, New Jersey. It was formed in 1963 from the amalgamation of the American Institute of Electrical Engineers and the Institute of Radio Engineers.

IETF: The Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) established in January 16, 1986 under the parent organization Internet Society (ISOC), is an open standards organization, with no formal membership or membership requirements to develops and promotes voluntary Internet standards, Internet architecture and the smooth operation of the Internet.

IFAP: Information for All Programme (IFAP) is a programme of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) created in 2000 that provides a platform for international policy discussions and guidelines for action on preservation of information and universal access to it. 2014-D-P-II-Q-4

IFLA: International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) is an independent international nongovernmental, not-for-profit association founded in 1927 with its headquarters in the Hague, Netherlands to promote global cooperation, communication, and research in library science and librarianship. 2008-J-P-II-Q-2, 2005-J-P-II-Q-43, 2007-D-P-II-Q-3, 2009-J-P-II-Q-37, 2011-D-P-II-Q-43, 2014-D-P-II-Q-3, 2016-J-P-III-Q-47

IGF: Internet Governance Forum (IGF) is a multi-stakeholder forum for policy dialogue on issues of Internet governance. The establishment of the IGF was formally announced by the United Nations Secretary-General in July 2006.

IGNCA: Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts, New Delhi (IGNCA) is a premier government-funded arts organization in India. It is an autonomous institution under the Union Ministry of Culture, established in the memory of Indira Gandhi, the late Indian Prime Minister, with Kapila Vatsyayan as its founding director. The IGNCA was launched on 19 November 1985 by the late Prime Minister Shri Rajiv Gandhi. 2013-J-P-III-Q-61

IISC: Indian Institute of Science (IISc) is a public university for scientific research and higher education located in Bangalore, India. Indian Institute of Science (IISc) was established in 1909 with active support from Jamsetji Tata and H.H. Sir Krishnaraja Wodeyar IV, the Maharaja of Mysore.

III: Innovative Interfaces, Inc. (III) is a software company specializing in integrated systems for library management. Their key products include Sierra, Polaris, Millennium, and Virtua, with customers in 66 countries.

IL: Information Literacy (IL) is defined by the United States National Forum on Information Literacy (IL) as "..the ability to know when there is a need for information, to be able to identify, locate, evaluate, and effectively use that information for the issue or problem at hand".

ILA: Indian Library Association (ILA) was founded on 12 September, 1933 especially under the leadership of K. M. Asadullah with its headquarters in Delhi. 2005-J-P-II-Q-43, 2007-J-P-II-Q-34, 2009-J-P-II-Q-37, 2010-J-P-II-Q-35, 2011-D-P-II-Q-43, 2014-D-P-III-Q-62

ILL: Interlibrary Loan (ILL) is a service whereby a user of one library can borrow the documents that are owned by another library.

ILRC: Inter Library Resource Centre (ILRC) is the deposit centre of less used serial and government documents of 38 libraries in Delhi formed by National Social Science Documentation Center (NASSDOC), New Delhi and Jawarharlal Nehru University, Delhi in 1975. 2005-J-P-II-Q-27

ILS: Integrated Library System (ILS) is a software consisting of relational database and modules to perform acquisitions (ordering, receiving, and invoicing materials), cataloguing (classifying and indexing materials), circulation (lending materials to patrons and receiving them back), serials control (tracking magazine and newspaper holdings), the Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC), etc. job in a library.

IM: Instant Messaging (IM) is a type of online chat which offers real-time text transmission over the Internet in between two or more person.

IMCE: International Meeting of Cataloguing Experts (IMCE) (1969) is sponsored body of International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA). 2005-J-P-II-Q-10

IMLS: The Institute of Museum and Library Services (IMLS) is an independent agency of the United States federal government established in 1996. It is the main source of federal support for libraries and museums within the United States, having the mission to "create strong libraries and museums that connect people with information and ideas."

IMO: International MARC Office (IMO) was established by International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) in 1983. 2012-D-P-II-Q-29

INB: Indian National Bibliography (INB) has been conceived as an authoritative bibliographical record of current Indian publications in Assamese, Bengali, English, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Oriya, Punjabi, Sanskrit, Tamil, Telugu and Urdu languages, received in the National Library, Kolkata under the Delivery of Books and Newspapers, (Public Libraries) Act, 1954 (Act No. 27 of 1954 as amended by Act No. 99 of 1956). INB excludes Maps, Musical scores, Periodicals and Newspapers (except the first issue of a new periodical and the first issue of a periodical under a new title), Keys and Guides to Textbooks and Ephemeral and other such materials. The first version of INB was released in 1958. 2006-J-P-II-Q-2, 2015-D-P-III-Q-26, 2016-J-P-III-Q-11

INDEST: Indian National Digital Library in Engineering Sciences & Technology (INDEST) was set up in 2003 by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) on the recommendation of an Expert Group under the chairmanship of Prof. N. Balakrishnan from IISc, Bangalore. The Indian Institute of Technology Delhi has been designated as the Consortium Headquarters to coordinate its activities. 2007-J-P-II-Q-18, 2013-J-P-III-Q-46

INDONET: Indore Library Network (INDONET), formerly called the first public data network in India, was established in March 1986 chiefly to offer email and online services by Computer Maintenance Corporation Ltd., Hyderabad (C.M.C. Limited) in Madhya Pradesh. 2007-D-P-II-Q-37, 2011-J-P-II-Q-32, 2016-J-P-III-Q-41

INFLIBNET: INFormation and LIBrary NETwork (INFLIBNET) Centre is an Autonomous Inter-University Centre (IUC) of University Grants Commission (UGC) of India initiated in March 1991 with its Head Quarters at Gandhinagar, Gujarat, India. 2007-J-P-II-Q-36, 2011-J-P-II-Q-32, 2013-J-P-III-Q-46, 2013-D-P-II-Q-20

INFROSS: INFormation Requirements Of the Social Sciences (INFROSS) is a study to investigate the information behavior of social scientist conducted in the United Kingdom which was began in 1967. It was aimed to discover how social scientists, practitioners as well as researchers, used information.

INIS Atomindex: International Nuclear Information System (INIS) Atomindex is the first product of International Nuclear Information System (INIS) launched in May 1970. 2005-J-P-II-Q-27

INIS: International Nuclear Information System (INIS) is the free database on the peaceful uses of nuclear science and technology based in Vienna, Austria and has been operating since 1970. INIS is operated by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in collaboration with over 150 members. Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) is the Liaison Agency for the International Nuclear Information System (INIS) activities in India. 2008-J-P-II-Q-7, 2005-J-P-II-Q-32, 2006-J-P-II-Q-29, 2007-J-P-II-Q-42, 2007-D-P-II-Q-44, 2008-D-P-II-Q-40, 2009-D-P-II-Q-8, 2010-J-P-II-Q-43, 2012-D-P-II-Q-34, 2013-D-P-III-Q-42

INPADOC: International Patent Documentation (INPADOC) is an international patent database produced and maintained by the European Patent Office (EPO). INPADOC was founded by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO) and the government of Austria under an agreement on May 2, 1972 and is publicly accessible. 2007-J-P-II-Q-42, 2011-J-P-II-Q-43

INSDOC: Indian National Scientific Documentation Centre (INSDOC) was set up in 1952 with the technical assistance from United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). INSDOC joined with NISCOM on 30th September, 2002 giving rise to National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR). 2005-J-P-II-Q-41, 2010-J-P-II-Q-10, 2011-J-P-II-Q-41, 2011-J-P-II-Q-43

IP Address: Internet Protocol (IP) Address is a 32 bit numeric address consisting of four sets of Arabic numerals separated by dots that is assigned to each device connected to a network governed by Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) and it is usually written and displayed in human readable alphanumeric Internet address by the Domain Name System (DNS).

IPR: Intellectual Property Right (IPR) refers to work for which a monopoly is assigned to designated owners by law. IPR covers trademarks, copyright, patents, industrial design rights, and in some jurisdictions trade secrets. 2004-D-P-II-Q-21

IR: Information Retrieval (IR) is the activity, process, methods, and procedures of obtaining information resources relevant to an information need from a collection of information resources i.e database, catalogue, libraries and archives.

IR: Institutional Repository (IR) is an online archive of scholarly materials like articles, technical reports, theses and dissertations, etc. that are the product of the institute or its community members for the whole world in digital format.

ISB Model: Information Seeking Behavior (ISB) Model is developed by James Krikelas (1983) derived from published Library and Information Science (LIS) literature about information needs and uncertainty.

ISBD (CM):  International Standard Bibliographic Description for Cartographic Materials [ISBD (CM)] was published in 1977. 2014-J-P-II-Q-24

ISBD (G): General International Standard Bibliographic Description [ISBD (G)] is a set of general standard adopted by the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA), governing the bibliographic description in a standard, human-readable form, especially for use in a bibliography or a library catalogue, published in 1977. ISBD (NBM) for non-book materials and a revised ISBD (S) for serials were published in 1977 and ISBD (A) (antiquarian) for older monographic publications was published in 1980. 2014-J-P-II-Q-24

ISBD (M): International Standard Bibliographic Description for Monographic Publications [ISBD (M)] was published in 1978. 2014-J-P-II-Q-24

ISBD (PM):  International Standard Bibliographic Description for Printed Music [ISBD (PM)] was published in 1980. 2014-J-P-II-Q-24

ISBD: International Standard Bibliographic Description (ISBD) is a set of standards adopted in 1971 by the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA), governing the bibliographic description in a standard, human-readable form, especially for use in a bibliography or a library catalogue. 2006-J-P-II-Q-33, 2006-J-P-II-Q-38, 2010-J-P-II-Q-31, 2010-D-P-II-Q-21, 2010-D-P-II-Q-37, 2011-J-P-II-Q-37, 2015-D-P-II-Q-30, 2012-D-P-II-Q-29

ISBN: International Standard Book Number (ISBN) is an unique number of 10 digit (if it is assigned before 2007) or 13 digits (if it is assigned after 2006) assigned to identify a specific edition of a book or other monographic publication issued by a given publisher, under a system recommended for international use by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in 1969 and introduced by International ISBN Agency in 1970. Each ISBN consists of 5 elements-Prefix element (3 digit), Registration group element, Registrant element, Publication element and Check digit. It is calculated using a Modulus 10 system with alternate weights of 1 and 3. In India, Raja Rammohun Roy National Agency for ISBN is responsible for allocating the ISBN. 2007-J-P-II-Q-19, 2008-D-P-II-Q-8, 2008-D-P-II-Q-33, 2009-D-P-II-Q-12, 2010-J-P-II-Q-12, 2010-D-P-II-Q-2, 2015-J-P-II-Q-14, 2016-J-P-II-Q-5

ISC: Information for Social Change (ISC) is an international, volunteer-based association, whose primary mission is to debate and comment on issues of social justice, censorship, freedom and ethics in the library and information field.

ISDN: Integrated Services for Digital Network (ISDN) is a set of communication standards for simultaneous digital transmission of voice, video, data, and other network services over the traditional circuits of the public switched telephone network. 2007-J-P-II-Q-10, 2012-D-P-II-Q-44

ISDS: International Serials Data System (ISDS) is an international network of operational; and regional centres, jointly responsible for the creation and maintenance of computer based data banks which contain essential information for the identification of serials published throughout the world. Under the system, each serial is given a 8 digit number called ISSN to identify concisely and uniquely a serial publication. 2008-D-P-II-Q-33

ISI: Indian Statistical Institute (ISI) is an academic institute of national importance established in 1931 and recognised by a 1959 act of the Indian parliament.

ISI: Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) was founded by Eugene Garfield in 1960. It was acquired by Thomson Scientific & Healthcare in 1992. It maintains citation databases covering thousands of academic journals, including a continuation of its long-time print-based indexing service the Science Citation Index (SCI), as well as the Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), and the Arts and Humanities Citation Index (AHCI). 2004-D-P-II-Q-46

ISIS: Integrated Sets of Information System (ISIS) is software to host bibliographic databases developed in the 1970s by the International Labour Organization (ILO). ILO offered this software to UNESCO, who took it, adapt it and called it CDS/ISIS.

ISMN: The International Standard Music Number or ISMN (ISO 10957) is a thirteen-character alphanumeric identifier for printed music developed by International Organization for Standardization (ISO).

ISO: International Organization for Standardization (ISO) is a nongovernmental federation of national standardization organizations in 162 countries, dedicated to establishing international standards to facilitate commerce and cooperation in scientific, technical, and economic endeavors founded in London on 23rd February 1947 with headquarters in Geneva, Switzerland.

ISP: Internet Service Provider (ISP) is an organization that provides Internet access, Internet transit, domain name registration, web hosting, Usenet service, and collocation to users who do not have a direct connection, usually via a telecommunication channel in exchange for payment.

ISP: Information Search Process (ISP) is a six-stage process of information seeking behavior in library and information science. The ISP was first suggested by Carol Kuhlthau in 1991. ISP includes initiation, selection, exploration, formulation, collection and presentation.                      
ISSN: International Standard Serial Number (ISSN) is an international unique numerical code consisting of 8 digit number assigned by the International Serials Data System (ISDS) that is used to identify concisely and uniquely a serial publication. The ISSN system was first drafted as an International Organization for Standardization (ISO) international standard in 1971 and the ISSN International Centre located in Paris, France. In India, National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR), National Science Library (NSL) assigned the ISSN. 2011-D-P-II-Q-16

ISTP: Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings (ISTP) is a scholarly literature database, established in 1978 and indexed material pertaining to international conference proceedings titles, locations, and dates. 2008-D-P-II-Q-3

IT: Information Technology (IT) covers all aspects of the application of computer hardware and software in management, processing and retrieval of information.

ITC: International Training Centre (ITC) was founded in 1950 for Aerial Survey. Later on, it was renamed as International Institute for Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC) with the added responsibilities an institute of higher (tertiary) education located in Enschede, Netherlands. As of 1 January 2010 it has been incorporated into the University of Twente as the sixth faculty, while preserving its unique international character as a faculty sui generis, and is now formally known as University of Twente, Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation (ITC). 2010-D-P-II-Q-43

Badan BarmanBadan Barman at present working as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Library and Information Science, Gauhati University, Guwahati-781014, Assam, India. He is the creator of the LIS Links (http://www.lislinks.com) - India’s most popular social networking website for Library and Information Science professionals. He also created the UGC NET Guide (http://www.netugc.com) and LIS Study (http://www.lisstudy.com) website.

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