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Abbreviations Starting with Letter M

M.Lib.I.Sc.: Masters of Library and Information Science (M.Lib.I.Sc.) is the nomenclature of a master degree suggested by University Grants Commission (UGC) as a standard terminology for Library and Information Science students.

Mac OS: Macintosh Operating System (Mac OS) is a series of graphical user interface–based operating systems developed by Apple Inc. for their Macintosh line of computer systems. The original operating system was first introduced in 1984 as being integral to the original Macintosh, and referred to as the "System". 2015-J-P-II-Q-26

MALI: Medical Library Association of India (MALI) was established on 18th August 1980.  It was registered in 1981 as a professional body under the societies registration act (India) 1860.

MaLibNet: Madras Libray Network (MaLibNet) is a library network in Madras which was conceived during 1991 by academicians and scientists. MaLibNet was formed in 1993 to bring about co-operative working among libraries and information centres in and around Madras. 2011-J-P-II-Q-32

MAN: Metropolitan Area Network (MAN) is a computer network connecting users over a geographic area larger than a Local Area Network (LAN) but smaller than a Wide Area Network (WAN), ranging in size from several blocks of buildings to an entire city.

MANLIBNET: Management Libraries Network (MANLIBNET) was established in the year 1998 at the first convention jointly organized by the Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad (IIMA) and Ahmedabad Management Association with its offices in Ahmedabad. 2013-D-P-III-Q-38

MARC 21: Machine-Readable Cataloging 21 (MARC 21) is the most predominant and current official MARC standard that superseded US MARC in 1999 with the harmonization of U.S. MARC and Canadian MARC formats. MARC 21 is maintained by The Network Development and MARC Standards Office at the Library of Congress and the Standards and the Support Office at the Library and Archives Canada maintain the MARC 21 formats. 2013-S-P-III-Q-39, 2014-D-P-II-Q-33

MARC I: Machine-Readable Cataloging I (MARC I) is a standard of digital formats for the description of items catalogued by libraries first developed by Henriette Davidson Avram working with the Library of Congress in the 1960. 2004-D-P-II-Q-9, 2008-J-P-II-Q-29, 2006-J-P-II-Q-33, 2008-D-P-II-Q-43, 2009-J-P-II-Q-33, 2010-J-P-II-Q-31, 2011-J-P-II-Q-37, 2015-D-P-II-Q-30, 2013-S-P-II-Q-28

MARC II: Machine-Readable Cataloging II (MARC II) is the format for communication of bibliographic data which is based on MARC experience, published in 1968 by the Library of Congress. 2010-D-P-II-Q-37

MB: Megabyte (MB) is multiplier of 1000000 (106) in the International System of Units (SI) unit of byte for digital information. 2005-J-P-II-Q-14

MBO: Management by Objectives (MBO) is a process of defining objectives within an organization so that management and employees agree to the objectives and understand what they need to do in the organization in order to achieve them. The term "management by objectives" was first popularized by Peter Drucker in his 1954 book The Practice of Management.

MEDLARS: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval Service (MEDLAR) is a computerised biomedical bibliographic retrieval system launched by the National Library of Medicine in 1964 and was the first large scale, computer based, retrospective search service available to the general public. 2012-D-P-II-Q-34

MEDLINE: Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE or MEDLARS Online) is a free bibliographic database of life sciences and biomedical information created and maintained by the United States National Library of Medicine (NLM). MEDLINE is the online counterpart to MEDLARS® (MEDical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System) that originated in 1964. It is the largest bibliographic database in the world that makes its origin in 1879. 2008-J-P-II-Q-7, 2007-D-P-II-Q-44, 2009-J-P-II-Q-33

MeSH: Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) is the thesaurus of controlled vocabulary used by the National Library of Medicine of the United States primarily for MEDLINE database (available on the Web as PubMed), in Index Medicus, and in bibliographic cataloguing records. Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) was introduced in 1960 by Frank B. Rogers. 2008-D-P-II-Q-11, 2008-D-P-II-Q-40

METS: Metadata Encoding and Transmission Standard (METS) is an Extensible Markup Language (XML) schema for encoding descriptive, structural, and administrative metadata for digital objects developed by the Digital Library Federation and is maintained by the Library of Congress with the advice of the METS Editorial Board. 2013-J-P-II-Q-9, 2013-D-P-III-Q-53

MINISIS: MINISIS is a database development software developed for the minicomputer in the 1970s by the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) in Canada and is distributed free of cost to the developing countries. 2007-J-P-II-Q-39

MIS: Management Information System (MIS) is a computer-based information system to integrate data from all its departments or stakeholders like product development, production and inventory, marketing and sales, personnel administration, etc. to support managerial and supervisory decision-making with real time analysis.

MLA Style Manual: Modern Language Association Style Manual (MLA Style Manual) is a format for typing research papers and citing sources in the humanities first developed by the Modern Language Association of America in 1985.

MLA: Music Library Association (MLA) is the main professional organization for music libraries and librarians (including those whose music materials form only part of their responsibilities and collections). The Music Library Association was founded in June 1931 during the American Library Association meetings in New Haven, Connecticut.

MLA: Modern Language Association of America, often referred to as the Modern Language Association (MLA), is the principal professional association in the United States for scholars of language and literature. The MLA was founded in 1883, as a discussion and advocacy group for the study of literature and modern languages (that is, all but classical languages, such as ancient Latin and Greek) in the United States, with offices in New York City. 2013-S-P-II-Q-37

MLIS: Masters of Library and Information Science (MLIS) is the nomenclature of a master degree renamed as Master of Library and Information Science (M.Lib.I.Sc.) by University Grants Commission (UGC) as a standard terminology for Library and Information Science students.

MODS: Metadata Object Description Schema (MODS) an Extensible Markup Language (XML) schema developed by the United States Library of Congress' Network Development and Standards Office for representing MARC-like semantics in the Extensible Markup Language (XML) markup language in the year 2002.

MPEG: Moving Picture Experts Group (MPEG) is a set of standards for audio and video compression and transmission established by International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) in 1988 by the initiative of Hiroshi Yasuda (Nippon Telegraph and Telephone) and Leonardo Chiariglione.

MS-DOS: Microsoft Disk Operating System (MS-DOS) is a command-line interface operating system for x86-based personal computers mostly developed by Microsoft Corporation initially released in August 1981. 2006-D-P-II-Q-45

MT: Machine Translation (MT) is the mechanism of translation of text or speech from one natural language to another, accomplished automatically by means of a computer.

MYLIBNET: Mysore Library Network (MYLIBNET) is sponsored by NISSAT in 1994 to develop software tools; conducting seminar; workshops/training programs; conduct surveys and hosted at Central Food Technological Research Institute (CFTRI), Mysore.

MySQL: My Structured Query Language (MySQL) is an open-source Relational Database Management System (RDBMS). It is developed by Oracle Corporation and first released in 1995.

Badan BarmanDr. Badan Barman at present working as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Library and Information Science, Gauhati University, Guwahati-781014, Assam, India. He is the creator of the LIS Links ( - India’s most popular social networking website for Library and Information Science professionals. He also created the Open Access Journals Search Engine (OAJSE) (, UGC NET Guide (, Assam Archive ( and LIS Study ( website.

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