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Abbreviations Starting with Letter N


N-LIST: National Library and Information services Infrastructure for Scholarly Content (N-LIST) is the programme funded by the MHRD under NME-ICT to extend access to selected e-resources to colleges covered under Section 12B of UGC Act as well as Non-aided colleges during from 2010 - 2013. The programme has subsumed under UGC-INFONET-Digital Library Consortium as college component from year 2014 being funded by UGC.

n.d.: No Date (n.d.) is a phrase used in library cataloguing to indicate that the publication date is not traceable in or on the item.

n.p.: No Place (n.p.) is a phrase used in library cataloguing to indicate that the place of publication is not provided in the item.

NAAC: National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) is an autonomous body established on 1994 by University Grants Commission (UGC) to access and accredit institutions of higher education in the country and help in making quality the defining element of higher education in India through a combination of self and external quality evaluation, promotion and sustenance initiatives. 2011-J-P-II-Q-4

NACLIN: National Convention on Library and Information Networking (NACLIN) or National Convention on Knowledge, Library and Information Networking (NACLIN) is an annual convention targeted to librarians and knowledge managers organized by Developing Library Network (DELNET) in India. 2007-D-P-II-Q-14, 2011-D-P-II-Q-13, 2012-D-P-III-Q-21

NACO: Name Authority Cooperative (NACO) is a Program for Cooperative Cataloguing (PCC) of the Library of Congress.

NASSDOC: National Social Science Documentation Center (NASSDOC) was established in 1969 in New Delhi as a division of Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR) to provide library and information support service to the researcher of social science. National Social Science Documentation Center (NASSDOC) was previously known as Social Science Documentation Centre (SSDC). 2005-J-P-II-Q-41, 2010-J-P-II-Q-43, 2010-J-P-II-Q-44, 2011-J-P-II-Q-43, 2012-J-P-II-Q-36

NATIS: National Information System (NATIS) is an international information system first discussed at the intergovernmental conference on the planning of national documentation, library and archives infrastructure in Paris in September 1974 which was organized by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) in cooperation with the International Federation for Documentation (FID), the International Federation of Library Associations (IFLA) and the International Council on Archives (ICA). 2013-D-P-III-Q-42, 2015-J-P-III-Q-54

NCIP: National Circulation Interchange Protocol (NCIP) is an information standard Z39.83, developed by the National Information Standards Organization (NISO) to support circulation activities among independent library systems, including patron and item inquiry, and to update transactions in circulation and interlibrary loan (hold, reserve, checkout, renew, and check-in), self-service applications, online payment, direct consortial borrowing, and controlled access to electronic resources.

NCLIS: National Commission on Libraries and Information Science (NCLIS) was an agency in the United States government between 1970 and 2008. The activities of the Commission were consolidated into the Institute of Museum and Library Services.

NCP: Network Control Program (NCP) provided the middle layers of the protocol stack running on host computers of the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET), the predecessor to the modern Internet.

NEPHIS: NEsted PHrase Indexing System (NEPHIS) is an ad hoc string indexing system developed by Timothy C. Craven in 1986.

NGL: NewGenLib (NGL) is an integrated library management system developed by Verus Solutions Pvt Ltd. Domain expertise is provided by Kesavan Institute of Information and Knowledge Management in Hyderabad, India. NewGenLib version 1.0 was released in March 2005. 2009-J-P-II-Q-32

NIC: National Informatics Centre (NIC) is the premier science & technology organisation of India's Union Government in informatics services and Information-and-Communication-Technology (ICT) applications. The NIC was established in 1976 and is a part of the Indian Ministry of Communications and Information Technology's Department of Electronics & Information Technology with its headquarters in New Delhi. 2012-J-P-II-Q-36

NIC: Network Interface Controller (NIC), also known as a Network Interface Card (NIC) is a computer hardware component that connects a computer to a computer network. The NIC allows computers to communicate over a computer network, either by using cables or wirelessly.

NICNET: National Informatics Centre Network (NICNET) is a satellite based nationwide network provided by the National Informatics Centre (NIC) located in Delhi from 1985. NIC is the premier science & technology organisation of India's Union Government in informatics services and information-and-communication- technology (ICT) applications. 2005-J-P-II-Q-32, 2007-D-P-II-Q-37, 2011-J-P-II-Q-32, 2014-J-P-III-Q-40

NICRYS: The National Information Centre for Crystallography (NICRYS) is the first hard data Centre established at the University of Madras. 2012-D-P-III-Q-20

NIP / NITS: National Information Policy/ National IT Strategies (NIP / NITS) is a program of International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA). IFLA conducted a survey in 1996/97 to find out which countries had National Information Policies (NIPs) and/or National Information Technology Strategies (NITSs). Of the 135 countries contacted, 55 replies were received: 34 had NIPs or NITSs, 10 were discussing these and 11 gave a negative response. 2015-J-P-III-Q-54

NISCAIR:  National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR) was established on 30th September 2002 in New Delhi under the umbrella of the Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR). NISCAIR was formed with the merger of National Institute of Science Communication (NISCOM) and Indian National Scientific Documentation Centre (INSDOC) to disseminate and documentation of Science & Technology information. 2005-J-P-II-Q-18, 2008-J-P-II-Q-4, 2010-J-P-II-Q-10, 2010-D-P-II-Q-43, 2011-J-P-II-Q-43, 2012-J-P-II-Q-36, 2012-J-P-II-Q-44, 2014-D-P-II-Q-41

NISCOM: National Institute of Science Communication (NISCOM) was set up in the year 1951 to publish scientific journals, periodicals and compile information on the country's raw material in the form of Wealth of India series, an encyclopaedic publication of great national importance. On 30th September, 2002 the Indian National Scientific Documentation Centre (INSDOC) and NISCOM merged to form National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR). 2010-J-P-II-Q-10

NISO: National Information Standards Organization (NISO) is a United States nonprofits association formed on June 22, 1939 and assumed its current name in 1984 with its headquarters in Baltimore, Maryland, accredited by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) to develop voluntary standards in library science, information science, publishing, and other information services.

NISSAT: National Information System for Science and Technology (NISSAT) was launched in 1977 to established bridge between information resource developers and users in India and other countries to promote research and development (R&D) in information science and technology. NISSAT project was ended during 2002-2003 for financial crisis of government. 2005-J-P-II-Q-27, 2006-J-P-II-Q-29

NKC: National Knowledge Commission (NKC) is a high-level advisory body to the Prime Minister of India constituted on 13 June 2005, by the Prime Minister of India, Dr. Manmohan Singh, with the objective of transforming India into a knowledge society. The NKC consists of 8 members with Satyanarayan Gangaram Pitroda as the Chairman. The title document of National Knowledge Commission on Libraries’ is “Libraries: Gateways to Knowledge”.

NKN: National Knowledge Network (NKN) is a part of the Knowledge Commission (NKC) headed by Satyanarayan Gangaram Pitroda to connect nearly 2500 institutes like all state universities, central universities, IITs, government medical and engineering colleges, R & D institutes like ICMR, BARC, etc. with network backbone. The decision to set up National Knowledge Network (NKN) was announced in 2008-09 with an initial allocation of INR 100 crore to the Department of Information Technology (DIT), Ministry of Communications and IT. However, the Cabinet Committee on Infrastructure in March 2010 approved the establishment of NKN at an outlay of INR 5,990 crore to be implemented by National Informatics Centre (NIC) over a period of 10 years. The project is being monitored by a High Level Committee headed by Dr. R Chidambaram, Principal Scientific Advisor to the Prime Minister of India.

NLM: National Library of Medicine (NLM) is the world’s largest medical library administered by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and located in Bethesda, Maryland. The precursor of the NLM, established in 1836, was the Library of the Surgeon General's Office, a part of the office of the Surgeon General of the United States Army and its new name was given in 1956.

NME-ICT: National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (NME-ICT) is a project of the Ministry of Human Resources Development, Government of India Government of India to provide high speed NMEICT network connection to universities, colleges and institutes all over India so that high quality e-content could be reached to the teachers and students of educational organizations.

NML: National Mission on Libraries (NML) India is a high level committee formed on 4th May, 2012 in pursuance of National Knowledge Commission recommendations by the Ministry of Culture under the Government of India to modernise and digitally link nearly 9,000 libraries across India. The project costs around 1000 crores. The scheme was approved on 28 November 2013 and the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee launched the National Mission on Libraries on 3 February 2014 at Rashtrapati Bhavan.

NMM: National Mission for Manuscripts (NMM) was established in February 2003, by the Ministry of Tourism and Culture, Government of India to unearth and preserve the vast manuscript wealth of India.

NPAC: National Program for Acquisition and Cataloging (NPAC) is a Shared Cataloguing Program under Title IIC of the Higher Education Act of 1965. Association of Research Libraries (ARL) and the Library of Congress put an effort for inclusion of Title II-C in the Higher Education Act, 1965. Under this clause, the Library of Congress can acquire for its own collects all library materials currently published throughout the World, catalogue it and distribute the bibliographical information. 2007-J-P-II-Q-44

NPTEL: National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning (NPTEL), a project funded by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), provides e-learning through online Web and Video courses in Engineering, Sciences, Technology, Management and Humanities. This is a joint initiative by seven IITs and IISc Bangalore. 2012-D-P-III-Q-45

NSF: National Science Foundation (NSF) is a United States government agency that supports fundamental research and education in all the non-medical fields of science and engineering. The NSF was established by the National Science Foundation Act of 1950.

NT: Narrower Term (NT) is a subject heading or descriptor representing a subclass of a class indicated by another term in a hierarchical classification system.

NTC: National Translations Center (NTC) was located at the John Crerar Library, Chicago. It was a depository and information source for unpublished translations into English from world literature of natural, physical, medical and social sciences. The Library of Congress closed the National Translations Center (NTC) on September 30, 1993 which was formally organized in 1953.

NUC: National Union Catalog (NUC) is a printed catalogue of books catalogued by the Library of Congress and other American and Canadian libraries, issued serially beginning in the 1956.

NUCSSI: National Union Catalogue of Scientific Serials in India (NUCSSI) is a data repository of a large number of unique journal titles and library holdings belonging to major universities, S&T institutions, R&D units of industries, higher institutes like IISc, IITs and professional institutes spread all over India. It is the first indigenous database that serves as an ideal tool to access Journal holdings information and housed at National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR). The project for the compilation of National Union Catalogue of Scientific Serials in India (NUCSSI) was initiated by National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR) in 1965. 2004-D-P-II-Q-43, 2007-J-P-II-Q-44

NYPL: New York Public Library (NYPL) is a public library system in New York City. With nearly 53 million items, the New York Public Library is the second largest public library in the United States, and fourth largest in the world.

Badan BarmanBadan Barman at present working as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Library and Information Science, Gauhati University, Guwahati-781014, Assam, India. He is the creator of the LIS Links (http://www.lislinks.com) - India’s most popular social networking website for Library and Information Science professionals. He also created the UGC NET Guide (http://www.netugc.com) and LIS Study (http://www.lisstudy.com) website.

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