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Abbreviations Starting with Letter O


OAI: Open Archives Initiative (OAI) is an organization funded by the Digital Library Federation (DLF), the Coalition for Networked Information, and the National Science Foundation (NSF) to develop and promote interoperability standards as a means of facilitating the exchange of digital information content. 2007-J-P-II-Q-13

OAI-PMH: The Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH) is a protocol developed by the Open Archives Initiatives (OAI) for collecting metadata descriptions of records in an archive so that services can be built using metadata from many archives.

OCLC: Online Computer Library Center (OCLC) is a non-profit, membership based, computer library service and research organization dedicated to the public purposes of furthering access to the world's information and reducing information costs founded in 1967 as the Ohio College Library Center and changed its name to present form in 1981 with its headquarters at Dublin, Ohio, United States. 2004-D-P-II-Q-32, 2004-D-P-II-Q-48, 2008-J-P-II-Q-32, 2005-J-P-II-Q-32, 2006-J-P-II-Q-12, 2006-D-P-II-Q-40, 2007-J-P-II-Q-36, 2007-J-P-II-Q-42, 2009-J-P-II-Q-33, 2012-D-P-II-Q-12, 2013-D-P-II-Q-20, 2016-J-P-III-Q-47

OCR: Optical Character Recognition (OCR) is a process by which characters typed or printed on a page are electronically scanned, analyzed, and if found recognizable on the basis of appearance, converted into a digital character code capable of being processed by a computer.

ODLIS: Online Dictionary for Library and Information Science (ODLIS) is an online dictionary compiled by Joan M. Reitz and began in 1994 as a five-page handout. ODLIS is now published and hosted by Libraries Unlimited.

ONIX for Books: ONline Information eXchange (ONIX) for Books is an Extensible Markup Language (XML) is a standard for capturing bibliographic data relating to books both traditional books and eBooks. ONIX for Books Release 1.0 was published in 2000. 2014-D-P-II-Q-33

ONIX: ONline Information eXchange (ONIX) currently refers to any of three Extensible Markup Language (XML) formats for use primarily within the book trade.

op. cit.: Opere Citato (op. cit.) is a Latin phrase, meaning "in the work previously cited"  and used to indicate a source previously cited with full citation located somewhere else in the work and in between the two reference other references are there. It used in notes and bibliographic citations that allow a quotation or idea from the work previously cited to be referenced simply by giving the new page number(s). In simple, opere citato (Op. cit.) is used when the reference is made to a work previously cited, but to a different page within that work. 2005-J-P-II-Q-23, 2011-D-P-II-Q-42, 2012-J-P-III-Q-61

OPAC: Online Public Access Catalogue (OPAC) is a computerized online catalogue of the materials held in a library that offer a variety of search capabilities on several indexes and offer interactive request and renewal functionality of the item. The OPAC are generally available over a network connection.

OS: Operating System (OS) is computer system software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs. It control the basic operation of a computer and the exchange of data between the central processing unit and any peripheral equipment, mainly input and output devices.

OSI Model: Open Systems Interconnection model (OSI model) is a conceptual model that characterizes and standardizes the communication functions of a telecommunication or computing system without regard to their underlying internal structure and technology. OSI Model consists of seven layers - Layer 1: Physical Layer, Layer 2: Data Link Layer, Layer 3: Network Layer, Layer 4: Transport Layer, Layer 5: Session Layer, Layer 6: Presentation Layer and Layer 7: Application Layer. 2009-D-P-II-Q-34, 2015-J-P-III-Q-16, 2015-D-P-II-Q-13, 2015-D-P-II-Q-12

OSI: Open Systems Interconnection (OSI) is a standard for computer networks and communication protocols started in 1977 by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) and International Telegraph Union Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T).

OSS: Open Source Software (OSS) is computer program for which the source code made available with a license in which the copyright holder provides the rights to study, change, and distribute the software to anyone and for any purpose without charge by the owner or licenser, usually via the Internet, to encourage the rapid development of a more useful and bug-free product through open peer review.

Badan BarmanBadan Barman at present working as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Library and Information Science, Gauhati University, Guwahati-781014, Assam, India. He is the creator of the LIS Links (http://www.lislinks.com) - India’s most popular social networking website for Library and Information Science professionals. He also created the UGC NET Guide (http://www.netugc.com) and LIS Study (http://www.lisstudy.com) website.

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