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Abbreviations Starting with Letter S

s.l.: Sine Loco (s.l.) is a Latin phrase meaning "without place" and used inside square brackets in library cataloguing when the place of publication of the document is not known.

s.n.: Sine Nomine (s.n.) is a Latin phrase meaning "without name" and used inside square brackets [s.n.] in library cataloguing when the name of the publisher of the document is not known.

SACO: Subject Authority Cooperative Program (SACO) enables member institutions to submit subject heading proposals for inclusion in Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH), and classification number proposals for inclusion in Library of Congress Classification (LCC) schedules.

SALIS: Society for the Advancement of Library and Information Science (SALIS) is a library association established in March 2002 with its headquarters in Chennai (India).

SCI: Science Citation Index (SCI) is a citation index originally produced by the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) and created by Eugene Garfield. It was officially launched in 1964. It is now owned by Thomson Reuters. 2004-D-P-II-Q-46

SCONUL:  Society of College, National and University Libraries (SCONUL) previously known as Standing Conference of National and University Libraries (SCONUL) is the membership organisation for all academic and national libraries in the UK and Ireland with its office based at 102 Euston Street, London, UK. SCONUL was founded in 1950 as the Standing Conference of National and University Libraries. 2015-D-P-III-Q-4

SDC: SAARC Documentation Centre (SDC) is a regional centre of South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC). SDC is located in New Delhi and housed on the campus of NISCAIR. SAARC Documentation Centre in New Delhi was closed down in 2016 in line with a decision taken at its 18th summit meeting at Khatmandu. 2004-D-P-II-Q-10

SDI: Selective Dissemination of Information (SDI) Service is a refinement of Current Awareness Service (CAS) which is directed to individual / personal requirement (personalized) and provides an alert covering deeper analysis of literature.

SENDOC: Small Enterprises National Documentation Centre (SENDOC) was set up in 1970 in Hyderabad when ni-msme, was SIET, to energies Ministry of Micro Small and Medium Enterprises (MSME)s in India and the developing countries around the world with information and knowledge. 2010-J-P-II-Q-44, 2011-J-P-II-Q-43

SERCNET: Science and Engineering Research Council NETwork (SERCNET) developed "Coloured Book" protocol determining standards for packet length and window size.
SGML: The Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML) is an ISO 8879:1986 standard governing the rules for defining generalized markup languages for documents. 2012-D-P-II-Q-33, 2014-J-P-III-Q-44

SHERPA: Securing a Hybrid Environment for Research Preservation and Access (SHERPA) is an organisation originally set up in 2002 and manages by Bill Hubbard that look into the establishment of a number of open access institutional repositories based in UK universities and run and manage other SHERPA Project.

SIRNET: Scientific and Industrial Research Network (SIRNET) is sponsored by Council of Scientific & Industrial Research (CSIR) and commissioned by National Centre for Software Technology (NCST), Bombay presently known as Centre For Development Of Advanced Training (C-DAC). 2013-D-P-III-Q-38

SIS: Society for Information Science (SIS) formed in 1975 is an all India professional body devoted to encouraging interaction among information professionals, scientists, managers and users. Its head office is in Delhi (India). 2008-J-P-II-Q-33

SLA: Special Libraries Association (SLA) is an international association of librarians and information specialists employed in special libraries which was founded in 1909 led by John Cotton Dana with its headquarters in Alexandria, Virginia. 2009-D-P-II-Q-40, 2011-J-P-II-Q-33, 2012-J-P-II-Q-29, 2012-D-P-III-Q-62, 2013-D-P-II-Q-24, 2014-D-P-III-Q-62

SLIC: Selective Listing in Combination (SLIC) is an indexing system developed in 1966 by J. R. Sharp.

SLIM: System for Library Information and Management (SLIM) is a library management software launched in the year 1988. SLIM21 is backed by unflinching after sales support from Algorhythms Consultants Pvt. Ltd, an ISO 9000: 2008 certified company. 2006-J-P-II-Q-28, 2006-J-P-II-Q-35, 2007-D-P-II-Q-41

SLSH: Sears List of Subject Headings (SLSH) is a thesaurus-like database created to help cataloguers create subject headings, using patterns and examples. Minnie Earl Sears formulated the "List of subject headings for small libraries, compiled from lists used in nine representative small libraries" (1923), a simplification of the Library of Congress Subject Headings. After her death in 1933 at age 60, the book was eventually renamed in her honor to "The Sears List of Subject Headings". The List is currently in its 21st edition.

SMART Information Retrieval System: System for the Mechanical Analysis and Retrieval of Text (SMART) Information Retrieval System is an information retrieval system developed at Cornell University in the 1960s. As part of research on the SMART system, the vector space model, relevance feedback, and Rocchio classification were developed.

SMCR Model of Communication: Sender-Message-Channel-Receiver (SMCR) Model of Communication was developed in 1960 by David Berlo by expanding Shannon and Weaver's 1949 linear model of communication. 2015-J-P-II-Q-1

SMS: Short Message Service (SMS) is a text messaging service component of telephone, Internet, and wireless mobile communication systems, using standardized communications protocols that allow the exchange of short text messages of up to 160 characters between fixed line or mobile phone devices.

SMTP: Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) is an Internet standard for electronic mail (email) transmission.

SOSIG: Social Science Information Gateway (SOSIG) is a subject gateway which was established with funding from the Economics and Social Research Council (ESRC). 2006-D-P-II-Q-39

SOUL: Software for University Libraries (SOUL) is state-of-the-art integrated library management software designed and developed by the INFormation and LIBrary NETwork (INFLIBNET) Centre based on requirements of college and university libraries and the first version was released during Convention on Automation of Libraries in Education and Research Institutions (CALIBER), 2000. 2008-J-P-II-Q-44, 2006-J-P-II-Q-28, 2006-J-P-II-Q-35, 2007-D-P-II-Q-33, 2007-D-P-II-Q-41, 2009-J-P-II-Q-32

SPARC: Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC) is an international alliance of academic and research libraries developed by the Association of Research Libraries (ARL) in 1998 to promote open access to scholarship.

SPC: Statistical Process Control (SPC) is a method of quality control which uses statistical methods. Key tools used in SPC include control charts; a focus on continuous improvement; and the design of experiments. SPC was pioneered by Walter A. Shewhart at Bell Laboratories in the early 1920s.

SPSS: Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) is a software package used for statistical analysis produced by SPSS Inc., and acquired by International Business Machines Corporation (IBM) in 2009. 2014-J-P-III-Q-33

SQC: Statistical Quality Control (SQC) refers to the use of statistical methods in the monitoring and maintaining of the quality of products and services.

SQL: Structured Query Language (SQL) is a special-purpose programming language designed for managing data held in a Relational Database Management System (RDBMS), or for stream processing in a relational data stream management system (RDSMS).

SRELS: Sarada Ranganathan Endowment for Library Science (SRELS) is a Charitable Endowment registered with the Government of India in 1963 and with Government of Karnataka in 2006. It was founded by Dr. S. R. Ranganathan, renowned Library and Information Scientist in 1961. It is located in Bangalore, India. 2015-J-P-III-Q-24

SRU: Search/Retrieve via URL (SRU) is a standard search protocol for Internet search queries, utilizing Contextual Query Language (CQL), a standard query syntax for representing queries.

SSDC: Social Science Documentation Centre (SSDC) is an unit of the Indian Council of Social Science Research (ICSSR) established in 1969. Latter Social Science Documentation Centre (SSDC) becomes National Social Science Documentation Center (NASSDOC). 2005-J-P-II-Q-18

SSL: Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) and its successor Transport Layer Security (TLS) both of which are frequently referred to as "SSL", are cryptographic protocols that provide communications security over a computer network.

STAIR: STanford AI Robot (STAIR) project is trying to build a robot that can navigate home and office environments, pick up and interact with objects and tools, and intelligently converse with and help people in these environments.

SUSHI: Standardized Usage Statistics Harvesting Initiative (SUSHI) is an ANSI/NISO Z39.93-2014 standard. It defines automated request and response model for harvesting e-resource usage data. 2015-D-P-II-Q-37

SWOT analysis: Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats (SWOT) analysis is a structured planning method that evaluates those four elements of a project or business venture. Some authors credit SWOT to Albert Humphrey, who led a convention at the Stanford Research Institute (now SRI International) in the 1960s and 1970s using data from Fortune 500 companies.

SYNTOL: Syntagmatic Organization of Language (SYNTOL) is an automated operating system archaeological method that systematizes the methods of analysis and classification of documentary science. It was developed by Jean-Claude Gardin.  2015-J-P-III-Q-14

Badan BarmanDr. Badan Barman at present working as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Library and Information Science, Gauhati University, Guwahati-781014, Assam, India. He is the creator of the LIS Links ( - India’s most popular social networking website for Library and Information Science professionals. He also created the Open Access Journals Search Engine (OAJSE) (, UGC NET Guide (, Assam Archive ( and LIS Study ( website.

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