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Abbreviations Starting with Letter U

UAP: Universal Availability of Publications (UAP) has been an ideal and an objective as well as a programme launched in 1979 by International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA). The International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) Universal Availability of Publications Core Activity (UAP) closed on 31st March 2003. 2012-D-P-II-Q-29

UBC: Universal Bibliographic Control (UBC) is a program of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) to encourage national libraries, or groups of libraries, to institute methods of recording their national publications in a standard format launched in 1974. The IFLA Universal Bibliographic Control is closed on 1st March 2003. 2008-D-P-II-Q-43, 2012-D-P-II-Q-29

UCC: Universal Copyright Convention (UCC) was developed by United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) as an alternative to the Berne Convention for those states which disagreed with aspects of the Berne Convention, but still wished to participate in some form of multilateral copyright protection adopted in Geneva, Switzerland, in 1952. UCC revised at Paris on July 24, 1971 and under its terms, each signatory nation extends to foreign works the same copyright protection it gives to works published within its territory by one of its own citizens.

UDC: Universal Decimal Classification (UDC) is a bibliographic and library classification system developed by the Belgian bibliographers Paul Otlet and Henri La Fontaine in 1905 which work as an elaborate expansion of Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) in which symbols are used in addition to Arabic numerals to create longer notations, making it more flexible and precise than DDC and particularly suitable for the classification of specialized collections. International Federation for Information and Documentation (FID) remained for many years the centre for the management and maintenance of UDC but from the year 1991, the job is handed over to the UDC Consortium (UDCC). 2008-J-P-II-Q-40, 2008-D-P-II-Q-30, 2008-D-P-II-Q-43, 2010-J-P-II-Q-38, 2011-J-P-II-Q-40, 2012-D-P-II-Q-41, 2013-J-P-III-Q-54, 2013-D-P-III-Q-57, 2016-J-P-II-Q-15

UF: Used For (UF) is a phrase indicating a term (or terms) synonymous with an authorized subject heading or descriptor.

UGC: University Grants Commission (UGC) of India is a statutory body set up by the Indian Union government in accordance to the UGC Act 1956 under Ministry of Human Resource Development, and is charged with coordination, determination and maintenance of standards of higher education.

UMI: University Microfilms International (UMI) was a private company responsible for publishing Dissertation Abstracts, Dissertation Abstracts International (DAI) since 1938. UMI now trades under the name ProQuest. 2004-D-P-II-Q-46

UNAL: UNESCO Network of Associated Libraries (UNAL) is a voluntary association of libraries sharing the same openness of spirit. It was created in 1990 to encourage public libraries around the world to work together and in association with United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), to pursue the UNESCO’s objective of combatting illiteracy, raising awareness of environmental issues, promoting peace and establishing human rights for all, among other priorities.

UNESCO: United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) is an inter-governmental specialized agency of the United Nations which came into force on November 4, 1946 after ratification by 20 signatories. The UNESCO’s permanent Headquarters is in Paris, France. 2007-J-P-II-Q-16, 2012-D-P-II-Q-34, 2015-J-P-III-Q-38

UNIMARC: Universal Machine-Readable Cataloging (UNIMARC) is the most comprehensive version of the MARC format for cataloguing bibliographic items first published in 1977 and is currently developed under the sponsorship of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) Universal Bibliographic Control (UBC) and International MARC Core Activity (UBCIM) program to facilitate the international exchange of bibliographic records between national bibliographic agencies. 2006-J-P-II-Q-40, 2010-D-P-II-Q-9, 2014-D-P-II-Q-33

UNISIST: United Nations International Scientific Information System (UNISIST) is a model of the social system of communication, which consists of knowledge producers, intermediaries, and users. The UNISIST model of information dissemination was proposed in 1971 by a United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) / International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU) Central Committee created in January 1967 to carry out the feasibility study. 2007-D-P-II-Q-16, 2008-D-P-II-Q-18, 2013-D-P-III-Q-42, 2016-J-P-II-Q-17

UNIX: UNIX was originally spelled as UNICS with full form Uniplexed Information and Computing Service. UNIX is a family of multitasking, multiuser computer operating systems that derive from the original AT&T Unix, developed in the 1970s at the Bell Labs Research Center by Ken Thompson, Dennis Ritchie, and others. 2006-D-P-II-Q-45, 2007-J-P-II-Q-43

URI: Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) is a string of characters used to identify a resource. A Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is simply a URI that happens to point to a physical resource over a network.

URL: Uniform Resource Locator (URL) is a unique address of a web resource that specifies its location on a computer network and a mechanism for retrieving it. A Uniform Resource Name (URN) can be compared to a person's name, while a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) can be compared to their street address. In other words, a URN identifies an item and a URL provides a method for finding it. 2006-J-P-II-Q-3, 2012-D-P-II-Q-44, 2013-S-P-II-Q-18

URN: Uniform Resource Name (URN) is the historical name for a Uniform Resource Identifier (URI) that uses the urn scheme. Defined in 1997 in RFC 2141, URNs were intended to serve as persistent, location-independent identifiers, allowing the simple mapping of namespaces into a single URN namespace. 2014-D-P-III-Q-13

US MARC: United States Machine Readable Cataloguing (US MARC) is a set of standards for the representation and communication of bibliographic data and related information in machine-readable format, originally developed and maintained for use in the United States by the Library of Congress. US MARC superseded in 1999 by MARC 21. 2006-J-P-II-Q-40, 2013-S-P-III-Q-39

USB: Universal Serial Bus (USB) is an industry standard developed in the mid-1990s that defines the cables, connectors and communications protocols used in a bus for connection, communication, and power supply between computers and electronic devices.

USENET: User's Network (USENET) is a worldwide distributed discussion system developed from the general-purpose Unix-to-Unix Copy (UUCP) dial-up network architecture in 1980. 2006-D-P-II-Q-44

UTLAS: University of Toronto Library Automation Systems (UTLAS) is an integrated, distributed library processing system, consisting of the Catalogue Support System (CATSS), and LCMS, a stand-alone minicomputer management system. 2016-J-P-III-Q-47

UV: Ultraviolet (UV) light is an electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength from 400 nm (750 THz) to 10 nm (30 PHz), shorter than that of visible light but longer than X-rays.

Badan BarmanBadan Barman at present working as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Library and Information Science, Gauhati University, Guwahati-781014, Assam, India. He is the creator of the LIS Links ( - India’s most popular social networking website for Library and Information Science professionals. He also created the UGC NET Guide ( and LIS Study ( website.

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