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Abbreviations Starting with Letter V


v.d.: Various Dates (v.d.) is a phrase used to indicate that a set or series of volumes contains works that have different publication dates.

VAT: Value Added Tax (VAT) is a consumption tax on the purchase price of goods and services, which the seller must remit to the government.

VBScript: Visual Basic Scripting Edition (VBScript) is an Active Scripting language developed by Microsoft that is modelled on Visual Basic. VBScript first appeared in 1996. 2014-D-P-III-Q-69

VGA: Video Graphics Array (VGA) refers specifically to the display hardware first introduced with the IBM PS/2 line of computers in 1987 that convert the digital signal to analog signal and capable of producing resolutions of 640 x 480 pixels in up to 256 colours.

Vide: Vide is Latin word meaning see or refer to and is used to direct a reader somewhere else. 2005-J-P-II-Q-23, 2011-D-P-II-Q-42, 2012-J-P-III-Q-61

VINITI: All-Russian Institute for Scientific and Technical Information (VINITI) formerly All-Soviet Institute for Scientific and Technical Information is a subsidiary of the Russian Academy of Sciences devoted to gathering scientific and technical information from sources throughout the world and disseminating this information to Russian scientific community. VINITI was established in 1952 as Institute for Scientific Information as a branch of USSR Academy of Sciences and changed its name to All-Russian Institute for Scientific and Technical Information (VINITI) in 1955. It had become the largest single source of secondary scientific and technical information in the world. 2011-J-P-II-Q-19, 2013-D-P-II-Q-34

viz.:  Videlicet (viz.) is a Latin abbreviation, meaning "namely," "that is to say," or "to wit," used in text and footnotes to introduce a word or phrase added to explain more completely or precisely a previous word, phrase, or statement.

VLSI: Very-Large-Scale Integration (VLSI) is the process of creating an Integrated Circuit (IC) by combining thousands of transistors into a single chip. VLSI began in the 1970s when complex semiconductor and communication technologies were being developed.

VoIP: Voice over IP (VoIP) is a methodology and group of technologies for the delivery of voice communications and multimedia sessions over Internet Protocol (IP) networks, such as the Internet.

VPN: Virtual Private Network (VPN) is a private network that extends across a public network or internet. It is a network that is constructed using public wires — usually the Internet — to connect to a private network, such as a company's internal network.

Badan BarmanBadan Barman at present working as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Library and Information Science, Gauhati University, Guwahati-781014, Assam, India. He is the creator of the LIS Links (http://www.lislinks.com) - India’s most popular social networking website for Library and Information Science professionals. He also created the UGC NET Guide (http://www.netugc.com) and LIS Study (http://www.lisstudy.com) website.

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